The station has been described as “a bridge above the tracks”. Why did you opt for this kind of architectural design and what did it entail in terms of building technology?
The station’s architectural concept was based around the idea of finding the best way to handle passengers in transit between various means of transport. That is why it was designed like a bridge above the tracks, extending the walkway connecting the platforms so that it was transformed into the main distribution gallery. The idea of exploiting the building’s form to improve passenger flows and movement around the inside of the station is one of the main themes of our design. It is easy for travellers in transit between the different railway lines to get from the passenger centre to the refreshment areas or two shopping arcades. The bridge also allows the station’s public spaces to be raised to a privileged position in relation to the surrounding landscape to enjoy the best views of the area around Mount Vesuvius.
The architect, Zaha Hadid, was not able to see this work completed, but how much of her way of designing and envisaging architecture can be found in this project?
In 2003, when the tender was launched by Ferrovie Italiane (the Italian State Railway Company), bearing in mind the relative size of the firm, Zaha Hadid was constantly involved in the design work. The station’s basic design scheme draws on work carried out on MAXXI Museum in Rome and the BMW headquarters in Leipzig, particularly significant in the period when the modernist stylistic repertoire was widening its horizons thanks to the new possibilities provided by digital technology. You can see the same formal-organisational logic as is found in these projects, as opposed to the contrast between the vertical and horizontal typical of modern architecture, although the complexity of the roof shape already provides a foretaste of the kind of stylistic exploration that has gone on over the last few years.
You are involved in the Zaha Hadid firm’s Italian projects. Based on your own professional experience, what is the difference in working with institutions in Italy and abroad?
Every project has its own story to tell. In Italy we have had the chance to work on various projects ranging from the MAXXI building to CityLife and the Salerno Maritime Terminal, in partnership with both public and private clients. I do not think working with institutes in Italy is any different from working with foreign institutes from a cultural viewpoint. If anything, the various projects differ in terms of their tender and management procedures. Over the last few years we have often had problems with integrated final design tenders and projects awarded to the lowest bidder. It would seem that these issues have been taking a more positive turn recently, so that Italian procedures may comply with the very best European standards in this respect.
What have business relations between contractors, public clients and architects been like?
Over the last 20 years, our firm has had the privilege of taking on some extremely ambitious architectural works. The success of these projects is due to a synergy of forces and dogged determination on everybody’s part. We are proud of having succeeded in conveying our great passion for the works we build to all the various operators involved. In exchange, we have always been able to rely on our clients’ professionalism and the experience of the very best firms in the industry.
Technological innovation in materials sees Mapei at the very forefront. What kind of relationship is there between building contractors and architectural designers in choosing construction materials? And between designers and manufacturers of building materials?
The most important aspect of Zaha Hadid Architects’ architectural research lies in constant innovation.
The innovation process begins with the design work and extends to other processes, management procedures and, of course, building technology. Choosing innovative materials is one of our firm’s strong points and our technological horizons have been widened through the specific experience of the firms we work with.
As an Italian living abroad for too long now, I cannot hide that I am always proud of being able to use Italian products of the very high standard.